September 24, 2013

LImited Jurisdiction Courts

Courts with Limited Jurisdiction are City Courts and Justice Courts

City Courts

Many incorporated cities or towns have a municipal court, also known as a city court or magistrate court. Municipal courts have criminal jurisdiction over misdemeanor crimes and petty offenses committed in their city or town. They share jurisdiction with justice courts over violations of state law committed within their city or town limits.

Municipal court judges (magistrates) hear misdemeanor criminal traffic cases such as driving under the influence of alcohol, hit-and-run and reckless driving where no serious injuries occur. They hear civil traffic cases, violations of city ordinances and codes, and issue orders of protection and injunctions prohibiting harassment. They can also issue search warrants. They DO NOT hear civil lawsuits between citizens.

City charters or ordinances establish the qualifications of these judges. Some cities do not require municipal court judges to be attorneys. City or town councils appoint their judges in Maricopa County. Judges serve terms set by the city or town council; their terms must be at least two years.

Judges have court clerks who provide clerical assistance and schedule cases. In larger cities, the judges may also have court administrators.

Matters Handled in Municipal Courts

  • Criminal misdemeanor violations of Arizona law occurring within city limits
    Justice courts have concurrent jurisdiction with city courts — maximum jail time of 6 months and maximum fine of $2,500
  • Civil traffic violations of Arizona law
  • Civil and criminal violations of the city’s own ordinances
  • Orders of protection

You can access detailed case information for some Municipal Courts within Maricopa County at the Arizona Supreme Court’s Public Access to Court Case Information. Click on the “Courts Included” link to view coverage.

Cities in Maricopa County with Municipal Courts:

Gilbert Municipal Court
Gilbert Municipal Court
55 E Civic Center Drive, Suite 101
Gilbert, AZ  85296
Fax: (480) 635-7815
http://www.gilbertaz.gov/court/

 

Glendale Municipal Court
5711 W. Glendale Ave. |
Glendale, AZ
(623) 930-2400
http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/

Mesa Municipal Court
250 E. 1st Avenue
Mesa, Arizona 85210
Bus 480-644-2255
http://www.mesaaz.gov/court/

Peoria Municipal Court
Peoria Municipal Campus at 10100
Peoria, Arizona 85345
http://www.peoriaaz.gov/NewSecondary.aspx?id=1101

City of Phoenix Municipal Court
300 West Washington Street
Phoenix, AZ 85003
602 262-6421
http://phoenix.gov/court/index.html

Scottsdale City Court
3700 N. 75th Street
Scottsdale, AZ 85251
http://www.scottsdaleaz.gov/courts

Tempe Municipal Court
140 E. 5th Street
Tempe, AZ 85281`
http://www.tempe.gov/index.aspx?page=101
(480) 350-8271

Gilbert Municipal Court
Gilbert Municipal Court
55 E Civic Center Drive, Suite 101
Gilbert, AZ  85296
Fax: (480) 635-7815
http://www.gilbertaz.gov/court/

Glendale Municipal Court
5711 W. Glendale Ave. |
Glendale, AZ
(623) 930-2400
http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/

Mesa Municipal Court
250 E. 1st Avenue
Mesa, Arizona 85210
Bus 480-644-2255

Peoria Municipal Court
http://www.peoriaaz.gov/NewSecondary.aspx?id=1101
Peoria Municipal Campus at 10100
Peorria, Arizona 85345
http://www.mesaaz.gov/court/

City of Phoenix Municipal Court
300 West Washington Street
Phoenix, AZ 85003
602 262-6421
http://phoenix.gov/court/index.html

Scottsdale City Court
3700 N. 75th Street
Scottsdale, AZ 85251
http://www.scottsdaleaz.gov/courts

Tempe Municipal Court
140 East 5th Streed
Tempe, AZ 85281
(480)-350-8271
http://www.tempe.gov/index.aspx?page=101

Justice Courts

In a regular civil proceeding either party may be represented by an attorney. The Rules of Civil Procedure for the Superior Court of Arizona are followed in Justice Courts

Matters Handled in Justice of the Peace Courts

Justice of the Peace courts handle:

  • Criminal misdemeanor violations of Arizona law occurring within the justice court precinct
    Justice courts have concurrent jurisdiction with city courts — maximum jail time of 6 months and maximum fine of $2,500
  • Civil traffic violations of Arizona law
  • Civil and misdemeanor criminal violations of any county ordinances
  • Felony criminal case preliminary hearings
  • Orders of protection
  • Civil actions when the amount involved is $10,000.00 or less
  • Forcible entry and detainer actions when the amount involved is $10,000.00 or less

You can access the Maricopa County Justice Court Information website for various items including court calendars, descriptions of procedure, fee schedules, contact information for the various courts, biographies of judges, newsletters and news releases.

http://justicecourts.maricopa.gov/index.aspx